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Are Cops Drug Tested?

Many of us face drug tests when we apply for a job, even though it might not always be legal. Some states are drug testing welfare recipients with little to show for it but the bill. And athletes are drug tested seemingly around the clock, and can even be suspended for taking legal substances.

But what about police officers? Surely, the men and women we trust to make snap judgments in life-and-death scenarios are tested regularly for any drug or substance that might affect those decisions, right? The answer might actually surprise you.

NJ High Court Says Cops Can't Stop Drivers for Legal High Beam Use

A driver having the high beams on alone on an empty city street at night is not a valid basis for a traffic stop, at least not in New Jersey. The state's highest court affirmed rulings below, finding that the search of a passenger in a car stopped on an empty street, based on illuminated high beams, was not reasonable. The lights did not give the officer probable cause. As a result, the passenger's arrest on a number of charges is suppressed, reports NJ.com.

In the face of recent police shootings, almost everyone has an opinion. And while the First Amendment protects your right to say most things, even critiques of the police, freedom of speech does have its limits.

Those limits have been tested by some social media posts -- and the subsequent arrest of posters -- following the sniper attack that targeted police in Dallas. So what can you say about the cops on social media before they start knocking on your front door?

The 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland has been the site of countless protests and counter-protests by both demonstrators and delegates inside and outside the convention. And if you're wondering about the legality of these protests, we've got you covered. (If you're wondering about the legality of plagiarizing a speech, or using a band's song without permission, we've also got you covered, here and here.)

To make sure you don't violate the laws while making your voice heard, check out these five things you need to know about legally protesting, at conventions and elsewhere:

Can Police Force Catheterized Urine Collection in DUI Cases?

How determined should authorities be to collect evidence from a reluctant suspect? Should they be allowed to strap someone down on a hospital gurney and take urine using a catheter without the person's permission but with a warrant? What if the warrant doesn't specify catheterization but simply authorizes police to collect blood or urine generally?

These are the questions that one South Dakota defendant, Dirk Landon Sparks, is asking after undergoing a forced catheterization to collect his urine in a DUI case. He seeks to have the warrant quashed and the evidence against him suppressed, saying that the Constitution's Fourth Amendment reasonableness requirement makes no allowances for such an invasive procedure. Let's consider his claims.

Normally, when you think of good guys using tech to take out bad guys, you think of drone strikes on terrorists overseas. And, intentionally and sometimes accidentally, those drone strikes have started to hit a little closer to home -- targeting and killing American citizens, but not on American soil, yet.

But in the aftermath of the Dallas sniper attack on police, local law enforcement deployed an explosive-carrying bomb robot and detonated it near the suspect, killing him. Many believe it marks the first time officers have used a robot to kill a suspect, and some are worried about whether the police will expand the use of this kind of lethal tech in the future.

Arrested for Resisting Arrest: What You Need to Know

Luckily for many of us, the absurdities of the criminal justice system are an abstraction. If charges sometimes seem farcical from a distance, we don't worry because we don't think we'll be arrested. But some cases highlight issues in the system that cannot be ignored, and with protests happening all around the country, it seems like a good time to understand the crime of resisting arrest.

Justice Department Investigates Police Killing of Alton Sterling

Cell phone videos captured by citizen reporters show us cops on the job. Sometimes what we see is awful. Yesterday, such a video emerged, showing footage of two Louisiana police officers shooting Alton Sterling, a 37-year-old black man, father of five, as he's pinned on the ground.

The Daily Beast spoke to Abdullah Muflahi, the convenience store owner who on Tuesday night in Baton Rouge filmed police killing his friend outside his shop. "It was a nightmare, it was a nightmare," Muflahi said. "I kept expecting to wake up."

The U.S. Justice Department has announced that it will investigate the killing. The conduct of the two police officers will be scrutinized by the U.S. Attorney's Office and the FBI.

What Happens If I Refuse to Take a Breathalyzer?

It's a free country and you can do what you want, more or less. But if you are driving, that's a privilege and you must do what the state wants if you want to be able to stay on the road.

Refusing a breathalyzer has consequences for your life and your license, but people do it all the time. Let's consider the controversial tests and the critical concept linked to them, implied consent.

Police Use Mobile Cameras to Make Parks Safer This Summer

It is summertime but the livin' is not necessarily easy for police. In fact, the summer months can be particularly tough for cops because more people are out on the streets, kids are out of school, and everyone's just hanging around waiting for something to happen.

This summer, there are some law enforcement agencies who are enlisting the assistance of mobile electronic surveillance units that will allow them to keep an eye on everyone, even when officers are not around. If it sounds a little creepy, that's because it is. But actually the cameras are expected to make cities safer for people, and some residents are pleased, according to KRQE in New Mexico.