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Criminal convicts who receive an inappropriate sentence may have the chance to have it reduced, or even possibly increased, if they are resentenced.

A federal judge in Miami resentenced terrorism convict Jose Padilla on Tuesday, increasing his original 17-year prison sentence to 21 years. Reuters reports that Padilla had been an al-Qaeda recruit, and an appeals court had deemed his original sentence "too lenient."

How do convicted criminals like Padilla get resentenced?

Just as the term "drugs" refers to an extremely varied list of prohibited natural and synthetic substances, drug possession is a crime that encompasses a wide spectrum of possible violations and potential punishments.

Each state has its own laws regarding what constitutes drug possession and the potential penalties and sentences that a conviction can bring. But there are a few general principles that apply in most states.

So what can you expect if you're facing a drug possession charge?

The Detroit-area "porch shooter" who killed Renisha McBride was sentenced to at least 17 years in prison for her murder on Wednesday.

Theodore Wafer was sentenced to a minimum of 15 years for second degree murder, a minimum of seven years for manslaughter, and another two years for a felony firearm penalty, the Detroit Free Press reports. While the sentences for manslaughter and murder may be served concurrently, the firearm punishment must be served separately, giving Wafer at least 17 years in prison to consider his crime.

What led the judge in McBride's murder case to sentence her killer this way?

Most people consider speeding tickets to be a pain in the neck, not to mention a pain in the wallet.

But in some circumstances, speeding tickets can have far more dire legal consequences. A writer for car website Jalopnik found this out the hard way after having to spend three days in a Virginia jail following a speeding citation.

When can a speeding ticket land you in jail?

Penalties for first-time pot possession, like real estate, depend primarily on three things: location, location, location.

For example, in Washington and Colorado, possessing marijuana is no longer even a state crime for those old enough to buy it. Even in states where it is still against the law to possess pot, district attorneys are refusing to prosecute low-level pot cases. But what about the states that do still punish possession of marijuana?

What penalties are possible for first-time pot possession?

  • Know someone who has been arrested or charged with a crime? Get in touch with a knowledgeable criminal defense attorney in your area today.

Getting a DUI is an embarrassing experience, but maybe not as embarrassing as having to relive your drunken driving arrest on a job application.

Not all drunken driving incidents are created equal, however, and it may be possible for you to legally avoid the topic of DUI without committing fraud.

Sharpen your pencils for these tips on whether you have to disclose DUI arrests or convictions on job applications:

Community service isn't something you have to be ordered to do, but for many it is an alternative to jail time.

However, not every act of community work will necessarily qualify as "community service" when it's ordered by a court, and it may not be available to every criminal offender who wants to avoid jail or prison.

So what exactly is community service in the eyes of the criminal justice system? And when can you get it?

A Texas man who infected a 15-year-old girl with HIV has been sentenced to 95 years in prison.

Matthew Louis Reese, 31, of Dallas, pleaded guilty Tuesday to three serious felony charges related to the statutory rape of a girl and not informing her of his HIV-positive status. The Dallas Morning News reports that Reese's convictions resulted in a 95-year prison sentence, and he won't be eligible for parole until he's served at least half of his time.

What's the legal basis for Reese's weighty sentence?

Debtors prisons were outlawed in the 1800s, and the U.S. Supreme Court, as recently as 1983, has said that a person cannot be imprisoned for not being able to pay their fine.

It goes without saying then, that you can't get sent to jail for not paying your court-ordered fine, right?

Don't count on it.

What happens if you violate your probation?

In criminal cases, a judge will often grant probation, releasing a defendant convicted of a crime back into the community under certain restrictions. Conditions of probation can include drug testing, meeting with a probation officer, and electronic location monitoring -- anything a judge deems reasonable and appropriate.

If you fail to adhere to those conditions, you could just get off with a slap on the wrist -- or you could fare much worse. Here are five potential consequences of a probation violation: