Common Law - The FindLaw Consumer Protection Law Blog

March 2012 Archives

The Mega Millions jackpot hit a record-breaking $540 million on Thursday morning, and has been confirmed as the largest jackpot in history. The number is expected to grow even more before Friday, when the multistate lottery will draw the winning numbers.

As lottery fever overtakes the nation, you might have noticed a growing number of office lottery pools. If you trust your co-workers, tossing in a few bucks may seem like a great idea. But remember, even trusted individuals can become a little sketchy when large amounts of money are at stake.

As such, you need to protect yourself should you enter an office lottery pool. Here are the top three ways you can do that.

1. Write it down. Create a document -- for each office lottery pool -- stating who contributed money and how much. Have everyone write down their name or signature, so that it can't later be called a forgery. Simple documents like these will stand up in court, according to legal scholar Jeffrey Toobin.

2. Photocopy it. A recent Mega Millions suit out of New Jersey could have been prevented if the individuals involved had each obtained a photocopy of the group tickets. The individual who purchased the tickets said he purchased two -- one for him, one for the group. He then claimed the ticket he bought for himself was the winner.

3. Check the law. Make sure the lottery is legal in your state. A number of states have outlawed lotteries and games of chance. Some state judges won't enforce contracts that pertain to illegal activity -- including lottery. You'll be forever angered if you can't collect the money you're owed.

If members of your office lottery pool object to any of the above, let them know the measures ensure that everyone is protected. If they still object, you probably shouldn't trust them anyway.

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German auto company BMW issued its largest recall ever on Wednesday, covering 1.3 million cars worldwide. The BMW recall affects approximately 368,000 vehicles in the U.S., which is more than the number of cars it sold in the country last year.

The company has concluded that a battery cable cover located in the trunk might be incorrectly mounted, explains Forbes. The improperly installed cable can disconnect and cause the electrical system to malfunction, preventing the car from starting. It can also overheat and cause charring and fires. This can occur even when the car is not being driven, according to Los Angeles Times.

Thus far, no accidents, injuries or fires have been reported, and the defect is believed to only be present in about 1% of all covered cars.

The BMW recall affects four specific vehicles. It includes BMW 5 Series Sedans and Sports Wagons produced between June 1, 2003 and March 31, 2010. It also covers 6 Series Coupes and Convertibles produced between September 1, 2003 and July 31, 2010.

BMW will begin contacting owners in April, reports the Los Angeles Times. At that time, customers will be asked to visit an Authorized BMW SAV Center where service staff will inspect and repair the car for free. The repair is expected to take no more than 30 minutes to fix.

If you have any other questions about the BMW recall, you can contact BMW Customer Relations and Services at (800) 525-7417 or visit the company's online recall information center

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AT&T Sued for $16M Fraud Linked to Deaf Relay Service

AT&T improperly billed the U.S. government for foreign scammers' calls to its IP Relay service for the deaf, a lawsuit claims. Now the feds want their money back -- more than $16 million.

Under a Federal Communications Commission program, AT&T is reimbursed at a rate of $1.30 per minute for calls placed through its Internet protocol relay service, or IP Relay, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports. IP Relay allows hearing-impaired users to type messages that are read aloud to a recipient by an AT&T employee.

But since 2009, nearly 95% of AT&T's IP Relay calls were made by foreign nationals -- mostly from Nigeria -- trying to scam U.S. businesses, the Justice Department claims in its AT&T lawsuit.

AT&T knew about the foreign scammers' use of IP Relay but did nothing to stop it, the lawsuit says. As a result, AT&T improperly collected more than $16 million in government reimbursements for fraudulent calls, the suit asserts, according to PC Magazine.

Not only did AT&T improperly bill the FCC, but the company also failed to verify the legitimacy of its IP Relay users as required by FCC rules, the Justice Department alleges.

"Taxpayers must not bear the cost of abuses of the Telecommunications Relay system," a federal prosecutor said in a statement.

But an AT&T spokesman insists his company did not break any laws. "As the FCC is aware, it is always possible for an individual to misuse IP Relay services, just as someone can misuse the postal system or an email account," the spokesman told Ars Technica, "but FCC rules require that we complete all calls by customers who identify themselves as disabled."

The Justice Department's AT&T IP Relay lawsuit was filed in federal court in Pittsburgh, Pa. The suit was inspired by a whistle-blower's complaint at one of AT&T's call centers.

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Porsche Recall: 911 Carrera S May Have Fuel Line Leaks

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration issued a Porsche recall on Monday that affects 1,232 of its more-than-$100,000 vehicles. The recall covers all 2012 911 Carrera S coupes that were built between October 26, 2011 and January 24, 2012, according to Inside Line.

There are concerns that the vehicle's fuel line may become disconnected, increasing the risk of fire. More specifically, an "assembly error" has caused "interference between a coolant line and a fuel line." The fuel line may become disconnected, which the NHTSA says may cause a fuel leak, which can cause misfiring, which may then lead to a crash or fire.

The problem cited in the Porsche recall was first reported in December 2011, which Inside Line explains involved a vehicle sold outside of the country. The first U.S. complaint occurred on February 10, which is only six days after the 911 Carrera S was launched in the U.S. None of the reports have involved injury or fire.

Owners with affected cars may notice the odor of fuel, according to the Los Angeles Times. If this is the case, do not drive your vehicle -- even if a leak or disconnect is not visible.

Porsche will soon be contacting all persons covered by the Porsche recall, notes the paper. Dealers will replace the fuel line and put in a spacer ring so that the coolant line and fuel line do not interfere with one another. If you have any questions, you are urged to contact Porsche at (800) 767-7243.

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900,000 Child Cabinet-Safety Locks Recalled

In conjunction with the Consumer Product Safety Commission, importer Dorel Juvenile Group has announced a cabinet safety lock recall. The recall covers 900,000 Safety 1st Push 'N Snap cabinet locks sold between January 2004 and February 2012.

The voluntary cabinet safety lock recall has been issued in response to complaints that the locks were not properly securing cabinets. Out of 200 consumer reports, approximately 140 involved children between 9 months and 5 years of age who were able to disengage the locks.

Three of those cases involved children who required emergency medical attention after ingesting household chemicals.

The recall covers Push 'N Snap locks that secure cabinets with two straps that wrap around the cabinet's knobs or handles, according to the CPSC. A window will show a green triangle when it is in the "locked" position. The Safety 1st logo is embossed on the front of the lock. Model numbers 48391 or 48442 and the date of manufacture -- between January 2004 and November 2010 -- will be printed on the back of the product.

The locks were sold at Bed, Bath and Beyond, along with other retail stores and online at Amazon.com. They cost between $2 and $4.

If you are currently using any of the recalled cabinet safety locks, you should immediately remove all dangerous items from your cabinets and place them out of the reach of young children. Dorel Juvenile Group will be providing a free replacement, which you can request by calling (866) 762-3212 or visiting the company's website at www.djgusa.com.

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Dating sites Match.com, eHarmony and Spark Networks are ramping up their efforts to ensure online dating safety. The three companies have reached an agreement with the California attorney general's office, and will begin to check subscribers against public sex-offender registries.

The agreement appears to be the result of a few high-profile incidents. Last year, a woman sued Match.com after she was raped by a man she met on the site. The man had previously been convicted of sexual battery, yet was still allowed to subscribe.

In April, Joseph Raymond Garcia was convicted of raping three women he met on MillionaireMatch.com, according to the Los Angeles Times. He used a fake personal profile and grossly exaggerated his yearly income.

In addition to screening for sex offenders, the sites have also agreed to search for fake profiles, provide users with a quick way to report abuse, and post a list of online dating safety tips. They will also provide the California attorney general's office with reports of suspected criminal behavior, according to the Associated Press.

Though a step in the right direction, the agreement is unfortunately non-binding. There are no enforcement penalties, according to a spokeswoman for the attorney general's office. This means the sites can renege at any time without much repercussion.

For this reason it is best not to rely on any dating site to screen your date, or to ensure that a user's profile is real. They can and will only do so much, which means it is ultimately up to you to follow the rules of online dating safety.

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'Cinnamon Challenge' Too Spicy for Teens, Doctors Warn

A series of viral videos dubbed the "Cinnamon Challenge" has inspired countless copycats, sending teenagers to the hospital and prompting warnings from school and health officials nationwide.

"We're quite worried this is the new fad for kids," an emergency-room doctor told Denver's KDVR-TV.

In the "Cinnamon Challenge," participants are dared to swallow a heaping spoonful of cinnamon in one minute, without drinking anything to help the spice go down, KDVR reports.

But because a person can't produce enough saliva to absorb the cinnamon, the "Challenge" inevitably results in severe dry-coughing spells -- or worse.

Several teenagers have recently sought treatment at hospitals after attempting the "Cinnamon Challenge," according to news reports around the country.

One teenager in Michigan couldn't breathe and lost consciousness after ingesting cinnamon in a "Challenge" attempt, Detroit's WXYZ-TV reports. The girl's right lung collapsed, and she got an infection, her father said.

The principal at the girl's high school sent parents a warning about the "Cinnamon Challenge." It can lead to "coughing, choking, vomiting and hypoxia," along with pneumonia, the principal's warning said.

Cinnamon can also trigger asthmatic reactions, and lead to suffocation, the New York Daily News reports.

Despite the warnings, more than 33,000 YouTube videos show a cross-section of Internet users attempting the "Cinnamon Challenge," according to the Daily News. One clip, boasting more than 10 million views, shows a woman swallowing a heaping soup ladle of the spice, with predictable consequences:

The "Cinnamon Challenge" may be hilarious to some. But health experts warn it's no laughing matter -- especially for people who suffer from seizures or respiratory ailments.

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This week marks the 50th anniversary of National Poison Prevention Week. Organized by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, the week is dedicated to educating the public about unintentional poisoning and the ways such injuries can be prevented.

Though unintentional poisoning is a leading cause of injury to children, it also affects adults. Most poison-related emergencies involve children, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, but most deaths involve adults.

Poison prevention requires some vigilance, but when the following steps are taken, injuries can be prevented:

  • Keep medications and hazardous substances in original child-resistant containers.
  • Leave labels on all products. If moving a product to a different container, cut out the original label and attach it to the new container.
  • Store hazardous substances high up and away from children's hands and eyes. Many children can open cabinets equipped with child safety locks.
  • Do not leave children unsupervised when using hazardous materials.
  • Do not allow children to play with button cell batteries. Dispose of them safely.
  • Beware of decorative lamp oil -- it is very toxic.
  • Routinely clean out your medicine cabinet to remove any outdated items.
  • Always double-check that you are taking the right dose and type of medication.

If you or your children are victims of unintentional poisoning, call the toll-free national Poison Help hotline at 800-222-1222. In fact, keep the number posted on your fridge. A quick response is key to poison prevention.

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Is it Time to Take Away an Elderly Parent's Car Keys?

It's hard to convince an elderly parent to give up driving. In many locations, it would be akin to giving up one's independence. But there comes a time when it has to be done.

As we age, our reaction times slow and our eyesight worsens. Statistics even show we develop limited mobility in the neck. Once an elderly driver hits age 65, his chances of getting into an accident while making a left turn increase by 8% every year.

The number one issue here is safety, particularly that of your parents and their passengers. They are the most likely to be fatally injured in a car cash, according to Slate. Moreover, the numbers indicate the chances of this happening increase at the age of 70. When an elderly driver hits 80, there's another marked jump.

In addition to safety, there are some legal issues you need to consider. Adult children can't be held legally responsible for a parent unless there is a conservatorship. However, elderly drivers who ignore pleas to stop driving may find themselves sacked with a lawsuit their insurance may not even cover.

Evidence that a driver knew he shouldn't have been on the road can be used to win punitive damages. Large jury awards can lead to the loss of a home and savings. Your parent may end up having to live with you. There's no independence in that.

If it's time to take an elderly driver's keys, be strong -- he or she will resist. Just remind your parent that there are options out there and you are committed to helping him or her live independently.

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Coke Trying to Avoid Cancer Warning Label on Cans in CA

The world's largest soft drink manufacturers are making some changes -- and it's not completely by choice. Coca-Cola and Pepsi will change the way they make the caramel coloring used in their California-sold signature products. The move is an attempt to avoid a state law requiring cancer warning labels.

The Coke-cancer connection has long been part of the public debate, but last year the state took it one step further. California added 4-methylimidazole to its list of known carcinogens. As a result, any product containing more than 29 micrograms of the chemical must include a cancer warning label.

Coke and Pepsi have as much as 4.8 times that amount in a single can, according to the Vancouver Sun. The chemical is made by heating sugar with ammonia and sulphites, explains the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI). This is how the soda companies have traditionally made the tasteless caramel coloring.

CSPI, concerned by the Coke-cancer research, has repeatedly asked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to ban the chemical. But the agency disagrees, reports NPR, and has said that "a consumer would have to consume well over a thousand cans of soda a day to reach the doses administered in the studies that have shown links to cancer in rodents."

Those who still worry about the Coke-cancer connection might find some solace in the California law. Though Coca-Cola and Pepsi will initially only change the chemical makeup of its caramel coloring in California, the companies plan to eventually make the change nation-wide.

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Stair accidents injure more than 90,000 American children each year, and send a child to the hospital on average every six minutes, a new study finds.

The greatest number of stair injuries involves children who are just 1 year old, researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, found. The study is published in the journal Pediatrics.

Researchers surveyed 10 years' worth of data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission to come up with their findings, CNN reports. The findings include:

  • About 3% of children suffered concussions or hemorrhages in the brain.
  • More than half of stair-injury victims were male.
  • Most stair injuries did not involve a device like a stroller or baby walker.
  • Some of the more seriously injured children were being carried by a parent or caretaker. This was especially true for children less than 1 year old: One-quarter were hurt in stair accidents while in the arms of an adult, the study found.

Increased multi-tasking by parents and caretakers is a likely a factor in many child stair injuries, the study's author suggested to CNN.

To prevent stair injuries, researchers recommend:

  • Installing a handrail you can actually grip if you lose your balance -- not a decorative handrail that can't support your weight.
  • Using hard-mounted baby gates -- not pressure-mounted gates that may become loose over time.
  • Marking the edge of each step with paint to clearly indicate the ledge.

Despite the large number of children injured in stair accidents -- more than 930,000 over the last 10 years -- data actually shows an overall decline in those accidents since the mid-1990s, CNN reports. A decline in the use of baby walkers may explain that, researchers said.

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Ford Taurus May Have Problem with Stuck Throttle: Feds

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration  has launched a safety investigation that affects an estimated 360,000 Ford Taurus sedans. The inquiry covers the 2005 and 2006 model years and involves 14 complaints about the Ford Taurus' throttle.

Investigators believe the throttle is getting stuck in an open position, making it difficult for drivers to control the vehicle. Though there have been no injuries or crashes, MSNBC reports that at least two drivers were forced to run a red light when their vehicles would not slow down or stop. Others have reported that the Ford Taurus' throttle issue makes it so difficult to stop the car with brakes, that they were forced to shift into neutral or turn off their engines.

Preliminary reports suggest that the issue may actually be a defect in the car's cruise control function. The cruise control cable may become detached, holding the throttle open.

Thus far, there is no recall and the investigation is limited to only the Ford Taurus model. However, there is some indication that NHTSA officials will also look at the Mercury Sable, according to USA Today. The Sable, also manufactured by Ford, is said to be nearly identical except for a few cosmetic differences. The investigation may also end up including vehicles outside the Ford line if they use the same part.

More information will be released as the NHTSA proceeds with the Ford Taurus throttle investigation. If you have any questions or complaints about the vehicle, you can contact the agency by phone or through its website.

Is fake pot safe?

This is the question being asked by health officials in Wyoming. They have issued a warning to medical professionals, asking them to be on the lookout for certain symptoms. The state believes fake pot, a synthetic marijuana, may be "life-threatening."

The warning comes on the heels of an outbreak of kidney failure in the city of Casper, explains ABC News. Three people have been hospitalized and two others reported similar symptoms to hospital personnel earlier in the week.

Officials have not talked to these two patients, but the others are known to have used blueberry-flavored spice.

"Spice" and "K2" are amongst the various names for fake pot. The substance is made of plant-based material and is laced with a group of chemicals that mimic the effects of THC, ABC reports. The chemicals can cause high blood pressure, paranoia, convulsions and a host of other symptoms.

Fake pot use has been on the rise, according to Agence France Presse. Some believe fake pot is a safe alternative to marijuana, but the Drug Enforcement Administration disagrees. In 2011, the agency banned five chemicals used to make the substance. It renewed that ban just last week.

The product has also been banned in the U.K., Germany, Poland and France.

Manufacturers have gotten around the bans by using different chemicals. The product can then be sold in smoke shops around the world. There are no age restrictions.

Though the government does not think fake pot is safe, there has yet to be a nationwide ban on the product. It is being left up to states and localities.

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Toyota has issued two voluntary safety recalls affecting nearly 700,000 Camrys, Venzas, and Tacomas nationwide.

An air bag issue led Toyota to recall about 495,000 Tacomas -- 2005 to early 2009 models in particular, Toyota said in a statement.

Friction between the Tacoma's steering wheel spiral cable and the retainer may sever a connection to the driver's air bag. If that happens, the air bag warning lamp will be illuminated, but the air bag may not work in a crash, Toyota said.

In a second recall, Toyota cited an issue with brake lights on certain 2009 Toyota Camrys and 2009 to 2011 Venzas, the company's statement said.

Silicon grease may have reached the inside of the vehicles' stop-lamp switch, which may make Camry and Venza brake lights inoperable, Toyota said. The grease issue may also prevent the vehicles from starting, or prevent the shift lever from moving from the "Park" position.

Toyota is currently ordering replacement parts, and will notify affected owners by U.S. mail when those parts become available, the company said. Repairs, which will be free, should take about 30 minutes to complete.

With the latest Toyota recalls, the company has now recalled more than 10 million vehicles over the past three years, The Guardian reports. Still, Toyota's U.S. sales are trending upward, with the company reporting a 12% sales surge in February 2012, compared to a year ago.

Toyota owners with questions about the company's latest Camry, Venza, and Tacoma recalls can get more information at Toyota's recall website, or by calling Toyota at 1-800-331-4331.

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Scammers are now targeting low-income and elderly churchgoers, according to the Internal Revenue Service. The tax agency has increasingly encountered the church tax scam during the last year, particularly amongst taxpayers in the South and Midwest.

Fraudsters promise churchgoers "free money," but really end up filing fraudulent tax returns. They claim taxpayers can obtain Social Security refunds and tax rebates, reports CNN Money. However, victims don't actually qualify under any of the rules.

Elderly and low-income individuals are prime targets, as they often make so little they do not file tax returns. So when they're told they can still take advantage of credits and receive refunds, they jump at the chance.

Most end up paying service fees for the filing help and end up receiving nothing in return. And if they do receive payment from the IRS, they can be in big trouble. Taxpayers will be held responsible for all funds fraudulently obtained from the IRS -- even if they were victims of the church tax scam themselves.

This could be a disastrous prospect for low-income and elderly individuals.

The IRS suggests consumers be on the lookout for these signs of scam:

  • Handmade fliers
  • Tax preparers who require no documentation
  • Solicitation in church
  • Reference to the American Opportunity Tax Credit, which is only available to those paying university expenses.

To avoid being victimized by the church tax scam, it's also wise to only use a tax preparer with which you are familiar or that has name recognition in the region. You can also call the free IRS tax hotline and ask whether you qualify for a rebate or credit.

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Man Sues AMC Theaters Over Expensive Snack Prices

A Michigan man has filed a class action lawsuit against AMC Theatres, accusing the chain of illegally charging customers excessive concession prices. Joshua Thompson claims those prices -- $4 for a box of gummy worms and $6 for stale popcorn -- violate the state's Consumer Protection Act.

Though noble in goal, Thompson's movie snack lawsuit may not make it to trial. Legal scholars point to a 1999 Michigan Supreme Court ruling, telling the Hollywood Esquire that it practically guts the consumer protection law with respect to regulated industries. If applicable, the suit faces dismissal.

But if by some miracle the movie snack lawsuit survives, Joshua Thompson and other moviegoers may have a decent chance at winning a payout. Michigan's Consumer Protection Act prohibits "charging the consumer a price that is grossly in excess of the price at which similar property or services are sold."

Movie theatres make 85% pure profit on candy and soda sales, reports the Hollywood Esquire. Theatres can also take in up to $3,000 on only $30 worth of popcorn kernels. It's also quite common for prices to be 3 to 4 times more than those charged at corner stores.

The movie industry has tried to justify these prices in the past. Higher concession prices allow theatres to drop the price of admission. This in turn makes movies more accessible to the general public.

There's no doubt AMC will try to fend off the movie snack lawsuit with this argument. But whether it succeeds will depend on the court's interpretation of the statute's very narrow exceptions.

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In the aftermath of recent tornado outbreaks, the Better Business Bureau is warning consumers about a different kind of storm chaser: scam artists who take advantage of tornado victims.

"It is not uncommon for out-of-town storm chasers to solicit business after storms like the ones we had last week," said Carrie Hurt, CEO of the Council of Better Business Bureaus. "Storm chasers may not have proper licensure for your area, and may offer quick fixes or make big promises to which they won't deliver."

That warning echoes advice by emergency-management officials in states hit hard by tornadoes. "Unfortunately, some folks prey on people when they're weak," a spokeswoman for North Carolina's Division of Emergency Management told The Charlotte Observer.

To fend off tornado-repair scams, the BBB recommends the following tips for homeowners:

  • Many jurisdictions require a solicitation permit for contractors to make door-to-door pitches. You can verify a permit by calling your local municipality.
  • Make sure your contractor is properly licensed and registered.
  • Try to get at least three to four quotes from different contractors.
  • Get a written contract to specify price, a time frame, the exact work to be done, and the amount of liability insurance the contractor must maintain. And insist on paying a company, not an individual.
  • Do not pay in advance. Beware of contractors who demand full or half payment upfront, the BBB says.

And it's not just homeowners who are at risk for tornado-repair scams. Legitimate local contractors may also be approached by scammers who offer money to use a firm's name and phone number, so they can pretend to be a trusted local business, the BBB warns.

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A 3-year-old Oregon girl is expected to recover after she swallowed 37 Buckyball magnets that were so strong, they tore holes in her intestine and stomach.

The girl apparently swallowed the Buckyballs because they "look[ed] like what we put on Christmas cookies," her mother told Portland's KPTV.

But Buckyballs -- marketed as "powerful rare-earth magnets" -- are not edible. What happened to the girl shows just how powerful the magnets are, and why they should be kept out of children's hands.

Buckyballs are made from a metal called neodymium and coated in nickel, gold, or silver, according to the company's website. They're sold in sets of 216; the balls' strong magnetic properties keep them clumped together.

After the girl swallowed the Buckyballs, she complained of flu-like symptoms for several days, Portland's KGW-TV reports.

An X-ray showed the balls clustered together in the girl's abdomen. Their magnetic powers were so strong, they ripped three holes in her intestine and stomach, KPTV reports.

"The intestine goes back and forth on top of each other," a nurse explained to KPTV. "You get two magnets in there, they snap together."

The Oregon incident is not the first involving children swallowing magnets. At least 22 similar cases have been reported since 2009, according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. It's not clear how many of those cases involved Buckyballs.

Buckyballs insists its products are not for children, and posted a new warning on its website after learning about the Oregon girl's incident. Buckyballs "are not toys and are not intended for children," the statement emphasizes.

The statement may be part of a strategy to avoid potential liability for Buckyball-swallowing cases -- in particular, potential marketing-defect lawsuits that allege inadequate safety warnings. Buckyballs' warnings on boxes and advertisements assert the product should be "kept away from all children."

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Vitamin E Linked to Osteoporosis, Study Finds

Is there a connection between vitamin E and osteoporosis?

Researchers in Japan believe there may be. Early findings suggest that the most common form of vitamin E causes the body to produce more bone-degrading cells. The compound, alpha-tocopherol, is found in most dietary supplements and in olive and other vegetable and nut oils.

Vitamin E has long been promoted for its antioxidant properties. Scientists have connected it to a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer, explains the Telegraph. However, when mice were given a dose similar to that found in supplements, their bones thinned and after 8 weeks they developed osteoporosis.

The results were different when researchers gave mice delta-tocopherol, the less common form of vitamin E. It is usually only found in natural foods and in supplements that contain "mixed" tocopherols.

This is the second recent study to question the health benefits of vitamin E. Late last year, researchers found that vitamin E can actually increase the risk of prostate cancer in men. The double-blind, placebo-controlled study found that men who took a daily dose of 400 IU had a 17% increased risk of developing the disease.

Research into the connection vitamin E and osteoporosis and other ailments will continue. Scientists plan to monitor the effects of the supplement on human bone health and have called for expanded research, according to AFP. But until that research has concluded, it might be wise to have a conversation with your doctor about your own health and any vitamins you take.

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