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NY Trump University Fraud Case Will Go to Trial in Fall

Donald Trump is a busy billionaire and this fall it seems his steak-filled plate will be very full. The businessman-turned-politician is running a presidential campaign while facing a trial for fraud associated with Trump University.

Across the country, there are a few cases against Trump University, a real estate seminar that costs tens of thousands of dollars to attend. Yesterday a New York court found sufficient questions of fact that a fraud case brought by New York Attorney General (AG) Eric Schneiderman should go to trial. The AG sought summary judgment, or a ruling based on the evidence submitted thus far, but this was denied and the judge has reportedly expressed a desire to "move expeditiously as possible."

Federal Court Dismisses 'Sister Wives' Lawsuit, Restores Polygamy Ban

A federal court dismissed the 'Sister Wives' and their husband's challenge to a Utah statute that bars polygamy, finding their claim moot for a few reasons. The court noted that the four wives and one husband sought relief for a possible future harm, not one happening now.

The family was unlikely to experience the harm for which it sought relief, according to CBS News, as Utah is not prosecuting the polygamists and the family now lives in Nevada. Let's take a look at the Tenth Circuit's decision.

This morning, President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court. Garland is currently chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and would fill the vacancy left by Justice Antonin Scalia's death last month.

Most thought Sri Srinivasan, who serves on the same court as Garland, would be the President's pick, even hours before the official announcement. So Garland's nomination did catch some off guard. Who is Merrick Garland, and can we guess what kind of Supreme Court justice he might be?

Supreme Court Refuses Review of Apple E-Book Price-Fix Case

It's the end of the line for Apple and five e-book publishers who have been accused of conspiring to increase prices. The Supreme Court this week declined to hear Apple's appeal and the company will have to pay $450 million in damages for engaging in a conspiracy and violating federal antitrust law.

Apple had argued that allowing the lower court ruling to stand would chill innovation and risk-taking, according to Reuters. The 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals had concluded that Apple was central in a collaborative effort among publishers to raise prices.

News Corp Settles Antitrust Suit for $280 Million

After years of legal wrangling with major packaged goods brands over antitrust claims, News Corporation has agreed to pay a $280 million settlement to Dial, Kraft Heinz Company, and others. The plaintiffs were seeking a lot more money -- $674.6 million in damages -- arguing that News Corp quelled competition with exclusionary and illegal practices.

Considering that those damages sought, if proven, could reportedly have tripled to more than $2 billion under federal antitrust law, the announced settlement sounds like a steal for News Corp. The company, headed by Rupert Murdoch, was sued in 2012 for alleged market violations in previous years (pre-Fox split). Let's look at antitrust law briefly and the claims the company faced, according to Business Insider.

The 2nd Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals upheld the $450 million settlement in a case charging Apple with fixing prices on e-books. The settlement had been challenged by one e-books purchaser, who questioned the fairness, reasonableness, and adequacy of the class action settlement.

Pending Apple's appeal to the Supreme Court, the company will be forced to reimburse consumers for playing a "central role" in a price-fixing scheme designed to undercut their major competitor, Amazon. The settlement calls for Apple to pay $400 million to compensate consumers and another $50 million in legal fees.

3 Scalia Opinions Reveal This American Justice

Everyone's got opinions but few express them as eloquently in writing as US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia did, so it's no wonder he opined for a living. Scalia passed away this weekend of natural causes at age 79. But it could never be said that he went gently into that good night.

In fact, some of Scalia's recent words, at a Supreme Court hearing of oral arguments last December, drew gasps of shock from the audience. Few Justices manage to become major cultural figures, but this crotchety scribbler of law did it, American style. He was alternately absurd, bold, outrageous, and great. Let's take a look at a few notable cases.

Lumosity Game Maker Settles Over False Health Claims in Ads

Advertisers must limit their claims by law. They can't just say a certain snake oil will cure all ills without any evidence to support it. When they do, the advertiser pays. Lumosity, a company that claims to transform science into games, was advertising the preventative health powers of its gaming products and caught the attention of the Federal Trade Commission's Bureau of Consumer Protection.

The company has settled with the agency and will pay consumers $2 million. It also owes a $50 million penalty, which has been suspended because it cannot pay, and the company is barred from continuing to claim that its games stave off dementia and dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Texas Film Incentive Denied to 'Machete Kills' Filmmakers

A federal court this week killed claims by the Machete Kills filmmakers that a Texas film incentive program was unconstitutional and violated its right to free speech by denying them grants. The filmmakers argued that prior dismissal of their claims in a Texas court were erroneous, but they failed to convince the feds.

Machete Kills is the sequel to the very popular Machete, starring Danny Trejo and Robert DeNiro. But if Texas doesn't want to incentivize more Machete movies, that's okay says the federal court.

The Big 4: Major Cases and Legal Issues of 2015

Legally speaking, this year is most likely to be remembered for the recognition of same-sex marriage in the summer of 2015. But there were other big cases, and even some small ones that could mean big things to many people, that are also worth review.

Let's look at some of the major legal issues of 2015 and how they played out in the courts.