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Though the fourth smallest state by size, New Jersey is the most densely populated state, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. This is due in no small part to the state's proximity to New York City, Philadelphia, and several other major U.S. metropolitan areas.

But whether you count yourself as a lifelong New Jerseyan, are just visiting, or are passing through from one of New Jersey's neighboring states, you should familiarize yourself with the nuances of New Jersey state law.

Here are 10 laws that you should know if you're in New Jersey:

Most people have a good idea of when they may be too sick to go to work. But can an employer ask for proof?

Whether your employer offers you paid sick leave (which will soon be required by law in some states) or your sick leave is unpaid, an employer will typically take an employee's word for it that he or she is sick.

In some cases, however, a supervisor may request a doctor's note or other form of documentation to justify a sick day. Is that allowed? Here's what you need to know:

A New York longshoreman's lawsuit claims he was sexually harassed by his male supervisor, and was later fired after complaining about a hostile work environment.

Michael Sabella, 48, once worked at the Red Hook pier in Brooklyn. He testified before a federal jury on Monday that he was groped and digitally penetrated by his male machine boss, and that management and his union failed to do anything about it, reports the New York Daily News.

What can employees learn from Sabella's harrowing tale of alleged harassment?

The dust has settled from Election Day 2014, and voters in four states have supported ballot measures to raise the minimum wage.

Voters in Alaska, Arkansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota voted to raise the minimum wage in their respective states, reports The New York Times. The trend also continued in two California cities, San Francisco and Oakland, whose voters approved plans to raise the minimum wage by 2015.

Here's what you need to know about these minimum wage increases:

Whether on account of a disability or religious practice, employees who require a modification or adjustment to their job duties have the right to request that an employer make a reasonable accommodation.

Under federal employment discrimination laws, an employer may be required to agree to reasonable accommodations that do not create an undue hardship or expense for the employer. These accommodations may include modifying schedules, providing new or modified equipment, adjusting employee policies, or making exceptions to company dress codes.

How can an employee request a workplace accommodation? Here's a general overview:

When you and other workers decide to go on strike to protest working conditions, you may be worried about being fired.

Typically employers cannot fire employees for striking, but workers shouldn't take this protection as absolute. Employers can still terminate employees for a variety of reasons, even if that employee belongs to a union.

So should you worry about being fired for going on strike?

When applying for a new job, most applicants expect that an employer will check up on the applicant's references and job history as part of an employee background check.

But what about an applicant's credit? If a job seeker has a spotty credit history, past foreclosures, or large amounts of unpaid or past-due debts, should she be worried that a prospective employer may also check her credit score?

The short answer is: in many states, yes; in other states, no; and in any event, there are strict federal rules about how an employee credit check must be done.

Workers' compensation is the insurance system that compensates workers who suffer work-related injuries and illnesses.

In cases where the worker's injury results in permanent, complete disability, workers' compensation benefits will typically be awarded in an amount that reflects not just the worker's medical bills but also the future inability of the worker to earn his previous income due to the injury.

But what about cases in which the worker may be able to continue work part-time or return to light duty? Can you collect workers' comp benefits while still working part-time?

Yours truly is a Texas native, but we won't blame you if you're just arriving or simply here to visit. What Texans won't appreciate is someone who's clueless about the laws in the Lone Star State.

So before your Southwest flight lands, check out these 10 laws you should know if you're in Texas:

When a worker loses his or her job, unemployment insurance is designed to provide income while the worker looks for a new job.

For those who are eligible to receive unemployment insurance, it can often be the only thing preventing them from falling behind on bills, car payments, mortgages, and other financial obligations. But along with each state's eligibility requirements for receiving unemployment benefits, there are typically additional requirements for keeping benefits once they've started.

How might you lose out on employment benefits or even potentially face criminal prosecution for unemployment fraud? Here are five things you can't do while collecting unemployment: