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One of the tropes often trotted out in immigration debates is the notion that undocumented immigrants are getting services meant for citizens without paying into the system that funds those services. While this has been proven untrue (Pew Research estimates 8 million undocumented workers and their employers paid $13 billion in payroll taxes in 2010), the myth of undocumented immigrants getting a free ride in the U.S. persists.

And few forums are as ripe for this sentiment as public education. So can undocumented immigrant children attend public schools?

President Donald Trump hasn't been shy about his stance on immigration. He's trying to block refugees and immigrants from several Muslim-majority countries, he wants to build a wall on the U.S. border with Mexico, and his Department of Homeland Security rolled back an Obama-era program that protected immigrant parents of a citizen or legal resident children.

Then this week he threw his support behind legislation that would slash legal immigration while altering the criteria for entry. Here's what the so-called RAISE Act would do.

Naturalization describes the process by which people not born in the United States or to U.S.-citizen parents can become citizens themselves, a process that can be long, extensive, and complicated. Given the language barrier, the numerous necessary documents, and the unfamiliarity with the naturalization process, many immigrants seeking citizenship never begin the process, get swamped in legalese, or have their applications denied.

While there is no statutory requirement for you to hire an immigration lawyer to file for citizenship, you may want to have someone with some professional experience on your side to guide you through the naturalization process.

One of the most contentious issues in the U.S. immigration debate involves the provision of public assistance to immigrants. Recently, during a rally, President Donald Trump riled up his crowd by stating that he planned on passing a law preventing immigrants from receiving welfare benefits for their first five years in the country.

This statement not only drew cheers from Trump's crowd, known to be anti-immigration, but it also drew much criticism. The criticism focused on the fact that a law to this effect has already existed for 20 years.

Clearly there is some confusion on this issue. Although immigrants are banned from federal welfare benefits, it's important for immigrants to know that there are some exceptions. Also, there are non-federal resources an immigrant may be able to utilize.

In both his campaign rhetoric and his executive orders since becoming president, Donald Trump has been bullish on immigration. And while some of that executive action hasn't had its intended effect, immigration arrests have risen sharply since Trump took office, leaving many immigrants wary of their status -- and their safety -- in the United States.

That uncertainty wasn't helped with two seemingly contradictory actions from the Trump administration last week. On the same day as the U.S. Department of Homeland Security rolled back an Obama-era program that protected immigrant parents of a citizen or legal resident children, DHS also announced that it would continue the previous administration's policy of protecting undocumented immigrants who came to the country as small children. How long will those protections stay in place? And are these policies contradictory?

For the second time in four months, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a lower court's injunction on an executive order banning entry into the United States of individuals from several Muslim-majority countries. And the Ninth was the second federal appeals court in as many months to affirm orders blocking Trump's revised travel ban -- the Fourth Circuit issued their opinion three weeks ago, a decision the U.S. Department of Justice has appealed to the Supreme Court.

That's a lot of orders, injunctions, and opinions flying around. So how is the Ninth Circuit's decision different? And how might it affect the Supreme Court's decision on the travel bans?

Last week, the U.S. Department of Justice appealed the Fourth Circuit's injunction against President Trump's Executive Order on immigration to the Supreme Court, asking the Court to reinstate the travel ban on immigrants from six Muslim-majority countries. And the president himself has of course taken his thoughts on the case to Twitter.

So what will be the government's argument in defending the travel ban? What can the Supreme Court do? And did Trump just sabotage the appeal before it even got started?

Sanctuary cities -- those that decline to cooperate with federal immigration enforcement -- have become a target under the Trump administration. The president attempted to punish sanctuary jurisdictions by withholding federal funds, but his executive order was blocked by a federal judge two weeks ago.

Now Texas has enacted a law aimed at punishing local law enforcement authorities who refuse to cooperate with federal immigration agents. In response, the ACLU has declared a travel warning for both U.S. citizens and immigrants in Texas, warning that their civil rights may be violated if they are detained by police. So what does The Lone Star State's new law actually do?

Many of us dream of retiring to warmer climates, preferably to a beach, and one where we can stretch out under an umbrella and really stretch our retirement dollar. As it turns out, many of us have been living that dream, albeit somewhat illegally.

U.S. News recently released a report on American retirees living in Mexico, and found that, despite a welcoming atmosphere both socially and legally, many U.S. citizens may be illegal immigrants south of the border.

While the phrase "government shutdown" sounds ominous, it doesn't mean that every federal agency will close its doors and the wheels of the executive branch will grind to a halt. As they did through shutdowns during Obama's presidency, certain essential government agencies and employees would continue working during the looming Trump shutdown.

That said, there are quite a few different government agencies involved in immigration applications and enforcement, so which ones are essential and which ones could slow down or close up shop during a government shutdown? Here's a quick look.