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Sanctuary cities -- those that decline to cooperate with federal immigration enforcement -- have become a target under the Trump administration. The president attempted to punish sanctuary jurisdictions by withholding federal funds, but his executive order was blocked by a federal judge two weeks ago.

Now Texas has enacted a law aimed at punishing local law enforcement authorities who refuse to cooperate with federal immigration agents. In response, the ACLU has declared a travel warning for both U.S. citizens and immigrants in Texas, warning that their civil rights may be violated if they are detained by police. So what does The Lone Star State's new law actually do?

Many of us dream of retiring to warmer climates, preferably to a beach, and one where we can stretch out under an umbrella and really stretch our retirement dollar. As it turns out, many of us have been living that dream, albeit somewhat illegally.

U.S. News recently released a report on American retirees living in Mexico, and found that, despite a welcoming atmosphere both socially and legally, many U.S. citizens may be illegal immigrants south of the border.

While the phrase "government shutdown" sounds ominous, it doesn't mean that every federal agency will close its doors and the wheels of the executive branch will grind to a halt. As they did through shutdowns during Obama's presidency, certain essential government agencies and employees would continue working during the looming Trump shutdown.

That said, there are quite a few different government agencies involved in immigration applications and enforcement, so which ones are essential and which ones could slow down or close up shop during a government shutdown? Here's a quick look.

Last week, United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions said that he was "amazed that a judge sitting on an island in the Pacific can issue an order" halting President Donald's Trump ban on immigration from six Muslim-majority countries. Despite Sessions' newfound wonder at the concept of judicial review and checks and balances in the federal government (not to mention the vast geographical limits of the country), several courts have found Trump's travel ban unconstitutional, both in its initial iteration in February and its revamped version in March.

Two federal circuit courts have put temporary injunctions in place, prohibiting the federal government from enforcing Trump's "Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States." So when will those reviews happen, and what could happen next?

ICE, or Immigration and Customs Enforcement, is the federal agency tasked with enforcing US immigration laws. This means that individuals who are suspected of violating immigration laws may eventually get stopped by an ICE agent or officer.

ICE often conducts random roadside checkpoints and targeted raids to arrest and deport immigrants who do not have proper documentation. Frequently, ICE will obtain an arrest warrant, just like regular law enforcement, for a single individual or group of individuals. However, when any person is arrested, even by ICE, civil rights don’t just vanish.

Below you’ll find the three most important rights to keep in mind if you are stopped by an ICE agent or officer.

Despite law enforcement’s best efforts, getting a fake ID, including fake green cards, drivers’ licenses, and social security cards, can be as simple as walking down the right street, having some cash, and a couple hours to burn. However, getting any sort of fake government identification can result in serious criminal penalties that include jail time.

For immigrants, the risks can be even greater. After facing felony criminal charges, an immigrant convicted of obtaining a fake green card, or other government document, is likely to face removal or deportation, after completing a jail sentence. This is due to the fact that possessing fake government documentation is considered fraud, and fraud is considered a crime of moral turpitude, and those types of crime constitute cause for deportation.

Many people incorrectly assume that public defenders are available to individuals facing deportation. Despite the high stakes, immigration matters are civil and not criminal under the law, and as such, there is no federal constitutional right to an attorney.

New York State has taken a tip from its namesake city, and has provided funding for all individuals facing deportation in the federal immigration court system in the state.

A California bill making its way through the legislature is stirring up controversy both locally and nationally. The controversy is over the proposed sanctuary state bill, SB54, which would make the entire state of California a sanctuary state for immigrants. While there are already some protections in the state for immigrants from federal immigration enforcement, the new bill seeks to expand those protections.

In short, the bill would require state law enforcement agencies, including police departments, sheriff departments, state prisons, and county jails, to not assist in, or commit resources to, federal immigration enforcement actions, except in very limited scenarios. Not surprisingly, opponents of the bill claim that sanctuaries lead to increased crime, while proponents assert that sanctuaries actually lead to decreased crime and improved criminal justice.

Immigration is a complicated and nuanced area of the law. Many different factors can have a significant impact on a person's immigration status. Possibly the most feared factors are criminal convictions. A criminal conviction can result in deportation and other consequences when it comes to a person's immigration status.

Fortunately, not all criminal convictions will have a significant impact on a person's immigration status. But, whether or not a person is convicted of a misdemeanor or a felony is actually less significant when it comes to immigration status than the type of crime a person is convicted of.

Unfortunately, on occasion, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) just gets it wrong. Sometimes they deport US citizens and others that shouldn't be deported. This tends to occur as a result of overburdened immigration court judges and court staff, in combination with ICE's documentation failures, and the lack of attorney representation for defendants.

Fortunately, when an individual is wrongfully deported, they can eventually be readmitted, though it usually takes some work, even for citizens, to prove the deportation was wrongful. Additionally, a person who has been wrongfully deported may have a civil rights claim against the government as a result of the deportation.