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Along with the new executive branch's hard-line anti-immigration stance, legal questions have arisen as to how far the federal government can go in their efforts to enforce immigration laws. One such recently raised question is whether the National Guard can be used to enforce immigration laws and deportations.

The executive branch currently maintains that there are no plans to use the National Guard to enforce immigration laws or form a deportation force. However, reports are indicating that the idea has been discussed, which raises questions as to whether it is legal to use the National Guard in that manner.

People from countries all over the world work their entire lives to come to the USA to find more economic opportunity for themselves and their children. Others find their way here to seek asylum from tyrannical or crumbling governments. However, immigrants in the US, whose legal status is in question, must live with the fear of arrest, detention, and deportation.

When an immigrant's visa expires, or their status does not permit them to be in the country, they can be arrested by federal immigration enforcement officers and placed into an immigration detention.

When Donald Trump issued an executive order banning entry into the United States of individuals from seven Muslim-majority countries, the legal response was immediate. Lawsuits in New York, Virginia, and Boston won temporary stays against enforcement of the order, and a suit from the Washington State resulted in a nationwide temporary restraining order blocking the travel ban from going into effect.

Trump's lawyers appealed that decision, asking that the government be allowed to enforce the executive order while the legal cases played out in court. But in a unanimous decision yesterday, the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued yet another ruling against Trump's travel ban, upholding the prohibition on enforcement.

Immigrating to the United States, as a family member or as an entire family at once, can be more complicated than immigrating alone. While some laws favor family members like children and spouses, the process can be more detailed and the paperwork more lengthy. And with a new administration in charge, things could get even trickier.

Here are seven important immigration laws that families should know.

At the tail end of an already busy first week in office, President Trump on Friday issued an executive order banning the entry of all foreign refugees into the country along with nationals from seven predominantly Muslim countries, including those with immigrant visas and possibly green card holders as well.

The response -- from protestors and civil rights attorneys -- was immediate, and by Saturday night a federal judge in New York issued a "stay," prohibiting the government from enforcing certain parts of the order. Federal judges in Virginia, Seattle, and Boston did the same, but many are still left in legal limbo while the constitutional crisis sorts itself out.

So what are these stays, whom do they cover, and how long will they remain in effect?

Part of President Barack Obama's legacy will be normalizing America's relations and diplomatic ties with Cuba, ending a half-century of hostilities between the two countries. While that opens the door for more travel and trade between the two nations, it also means that some immigration windows are closing for Cuban citizens.

A two decades-old exception allowing Cubans who arrived on U.S. soil to gain legal residency, colorfully known as "wet foot, dry foot," is coming to an end, and Cuban immigrants will be treated the same as those seeking asylum from any other country.

Undocumented immigrants beware: sanctuary cities are not all they are reported to be, and a certain elected official wants to do away with them. For undocumented immigrants that live in sanctuary cities, the next presidential term will require staying aware of whether Donald Trump follows through on the threatened consequences for cities and counties that continue to provide sanctuary for undocumented immigrants. Many cities have vowed to protect their populations, but what does that even mean?

The reason many people have a problem with there being sanctuary cities across the country is the incorrect belief that the cities provide a safe haven for criminals. In reality, in a sanctuary city, an undocumented immigrant will be pursued for any criminal act(s) they commit, except for merely being undocumented. Sanctuary cities generally only promise or have a policy not to follow orders from the Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency regarding holding individuals without other criminal charges for deportation.

In 2012, current President Barack Obama issued an executive order regarding the U.S.'s immigration policy, granting renewable, two-year deportation deferments for certain undocumented immigrants who arrived in the country as children. In 2016, President-elect Donald Trump promised to overturn Obama's executive orders, including those on immigration policy.

Now, some immigrants' rights groups are warning those protected under the order to avoid international travel following Trump's inauguration, fearing that they could be barred from re-entering the U.S.

Following a district court ruling saying two Texas immigrant detention facilities were unsuitable for housing children and families, the state released over 400 women and children from custody, essentially dumping them at their attorneys' door in the middle of the night.

Busloads of detainees, most of whom migrated from Central American countries and are seeking asylum, were delivered to the Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services (RAICES) in San Antonio over the weekend, after a judge ruled that the license under which the two facilities operated "runs counter to the general objectives of the Texas Human Resources Code and is, therefore, invalid."

While on the campaign trail, Donald Trump promised to build a "big, beautiful wall" along the United States border with Mexico and create a "special deportation task force" to deport millions of undocumented immigrants. Now that he's president, many are wondering if it's even possible, and whether a President Trump would have the legal authority to do so.

Logistically speaking, Trump's plan would target somewhere between 5 and 6.5 million people currently living in the country, and cost anywhere from $51.2 billion to $66.9 billion over the next five years. Can he actually follow through with it?