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In both his campaign rhetoric and his executive orders since becoming president, Donald Trump has been bullish on immigration. And while some of that executive action hasn't had its intended effect, immigration arrests have risen sharply since Trump took office, leaving many immigrants wary of their status -- and their safety -- in the United States.

That uncertainty wasn't helped with two seemingly contradictory actions from the Trump administration last week. On the same day as the U.S. Department of Homeland Security rolled back an Obama-era program that protected immigrant parents of a citizen or legal resident children, DHS also announced that it would continue the previous administration's policy of protecting undocumented immigrants who came to the country as small children. How long will those protections stay in place? And are these policies contradictory?

For the second time in four months, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a lower court's injunction on an executive order banning entry into the United States of individuals from several Muslim-majority countries. And the Ninth was the second federal appeals court in as many months to affirm orders blocking Trump's revised travel ban -- the Fourth Circuit issued their opinion three weeks ago, a decision the U.S. Department of Justice has appealed to the Supreme Court.

That's a lot of orders, injunctions, and opinions flying around. So how is the Ninth Circuit's decision different? And how might it affect the Supreme Court's decision on the travel bans?

Last week, the U.S. Department of Justice appealed the Fourth Circuit's injunction against President Trump's Executive Order on immigration to the Supreme Court, asking the Court to reinstate the travel ban on immigrants from six Muslim-majority countries. And the president himself has of course taken his thoughts on the case to Twitter.

So what will be the government's argument in defending the travel ban? What can the Supreme Court do? And did Trump just sabotage the appeal before it even got started?

Sanctuary cities -- those that decline to cooperate with federal immigration enforcement -- have become a target under the Trump administration. The president attempted to punish sanctuary jurisdictions by withholding federal funds, but his executive order was blocked by a federal judge two weeks ago.

Now Texas has enacted a law aimed at punishing local law enforcement authorities who refuse to cooperate with federal immigration agents. In response, the ACLU has declared a travel warning for both U.S. citizens and immigrants in Texas, warning that their civil rights may be violated if they are detained by police. So what does The Lone Star State's new law actually do?

Many of us dream of retiring to warmer climates, preferably to a beach, and one where we can stretch out under an umbrella and really stretch our retirement dollar. As it turns out, many of us have been living that dream, albeit somewhat illegally.

U.S. News recently released a report on American retirees living in Mexico, and found that, despite a welcoming atmosphere both socially and legally, many U.S. citizens may be illegal immigrants south of the border.

While the phrase "government shutdown" sounds ominous, it doesn't mean that every federal agency will close its doors and the wheels of the executive branch will grind to a halt. As they did through shutdowns during Obama's presidency, certain essential government agencies and employees would continue working during the looming Trump shutdown.

That said, there are quite a few different government agencies involved in immigration applications and enforcement, so which ones are essential and which ones could slow down or close up shop during a government shutdown? Here's a quick look.

Last week, United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions said that he was "amazed that a judge sitting on an island in the Pacific can issue an order" halting President Donald's Trump ban on immigration from six Muslim-majority countries. Despite Sessions' newfound wonder at the concept of judicial review and checks and balances in the federal government (not to mention the vast geographical limits of the country), several courts have found Trump's travel ban unconstitutional, both in its initial iteration in February and its revamped version in March.

Two federal circuit courts have put temporary injunctions in place, prohibiting the federal government from enforcing Trump's "Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States." So when will those reviews happen, and what could happen next?

ICE, or Immigration and Customs Enforcement, is the federal agency tasked with enforcing US immigration laws. This means that individuals who are suspected of violating immigration laws may eventually get stopped by an ICE agent or officer.

ICE often conducts random roadside checkpoints and targeted raids to arrest and deport immigrants who do not have proper documentation. Frequently, ICE will obtain an arrest warrant, just like regular law enforcement, for a single individual or group of individuals. However, when any person is arrested, even by ICE, civil rights don’t just vanish.

Below you’ll find the three most important rights to keep in mind if you are stopped by an ICE agent or officer.

Despite law enforcement’s best efforts, getting a fake ID, including fake green cards, drivers’ licenses, and social security cards, can be as simple as walking down the right street, having some cash, and a couple hours to burn. However, getting any sort of fake government identification can result in serious criminal penalties that include jail time.

For immigrants, the risks can be even greater. After facing felony criminal charges, an immigrant convicted of obtaining a fake green card, or other government document, is likely to face removal or deportation, after completing a jail sentence. This is due to the fact that possessing fake government documentation is considered fraud, and fraud is considered a crime of moral turpitude, and those types of crime constitute cause for deportation.

Many people incorrectly assume that public defenders are available to individuals facing deportation. Despite the high stakes, immigration matters are civil and not criminal under the law, and as such, there is no federal constitutional right to an attorney.

New York State has taken a tip from its namesake city, and has provided funding for all individuals facing deportation in the federal immigration court system in the state.