In a personal injury action based on injuries plaintiff suffered while diving from defendant's ship, judgment for defendant is affirmed where the rule from The Pennsylvania, 86 U.S. (1 Wall.) 125 (1873), which puts on the ship owner the burden of proving that its violation of a statute or regulation did not cause the injury, did not apply because there must be a threshold causal connection between the violation and the injury before the Rule will apply.
Argued and Submitted June 12, 2009
Filed September 10, 2009
Opinion by Judge B. Fletcher