Defendant's drug conspiracy conviction is affirmed where a conviction under 21 U.S.C. section 959(a) requires proof beyond a reasonable doubt that a defendant actually knew or intended that a substance manufactured or distributed in violation of that section would be unlawfully imported into the U.S., and the government met this burden.
Argued: September 1, 2009
Decided: October 7, 2009
Marc P. Berger and Kevin R. Puvalowski, Assistant United States Attorney, New York, NY