Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in federally funded education programs. As part of this protection, institutions of higher education are required "to take immediate and effective steps to end sexual harassment and sexual violence."
This places the burden of investigating campus sexual assaults on the colleges themselves. And as a slew of recent investigations have shown (if you can call 161 schools facing scrutiny in 199 cases of sexual violence a "slew"), those colleges are either unwilling, unable, or indifferent to investigating sexual assault on campus, especially those involving athletes.
This begs the question: Are colleges and universities in the best position to investigate allegations of sexual assault? Or is there another way for schools to meet their Title IX requirements?