Block on Trump's Asylum Ban Upheld by Supreme Court
Eleven-year-old Destiny and her mother came to the attention of the Department of Children and Family Services in September 2011 when someone called the Department and alleged that Destiny was being sexually abused by an unknown perpetrator. The local police and the DCFS concluded after an investigation that the allegation was "unfounded."
In the course of that investigation, however, Destiny's mother admitted that she had a history of methamphetamine and marijuana use. She told the DCFS worker that she smokes marijuana on a weekly basis, but not around Destiny. She also told the worker that she had stopped using methamphetamine "over a year ago" but a drug test the same day came back positive.
DCFS filed a petition to have Destiny declared a dependent of the court under Welfare and Institutions Code 300(b), based on her mother's drug use. At the detention hearing the court left Destiny with her mother, but ordered her mother to submit to weekly random drug tests. When the mother tested positive for methamphetamine and marijuana, the court placed Destiny with her grandmother.
The court held jurisdiction and disposition hearings in January 2012. The uncontradicted evidence at the hearings showed that Destiny was a healthy, happy preteen. She told the DCFS worker that her mother takes good care of her, denied ever being physically punished or abused, and said that she wanted to go back to her mother.
Though the court concluded that Destiny was "well-cared for ... clean [and] well-fed," it decided that she was at risk of serious physical harm because she had often been late to class in the previous school year and her mother was in denial as to her drug habit. The court found by clear and convincing evidence that Destiny would be at risk of substantial physical harm if returned to Mother, and there were no reasonable means to protect her other than removing her.
The appellate court reversed that decision on four grounds: