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Under the Clean Air Act, facilities that use extremely hazardous substances are required to develop a Risk Management Plan which identifies the potential effects of a chemical accident, the steps the facility is taking to prevent an accident, and the emergency response procedures should an accident occur. But after a fatal 2013 explosion and fire in Pascagoula, Mississippi and a 2012 fire at a Richmond, California facility that prompted 14,000 residents to be evacuated, Chevron was accused of violating those provisions.

The company settled those claims with the U.S. Department of Justice, and Environmental Protection Agency last week, for a grand total of $163 million and promises to upgrade its facilities and emergency response programs.

The legal maneuvering surrounding a landmark climate change lawsuit has been coming fast and furious the past few weeks. The claims, brought in 2015 by 21 children and young adults against the president and various government agencies, were set to go to trial this Monday, October 29. And while a federal judge has allowed the lawsuit to proceed last week, the Supreme Court may have delayed the progress of the suit this week.

Here's all the latest.

SoCal Cities Have Standing to Sue for Tijuana Sewage Pollution

In a landmark decision, a federal district judge ruled that two Southern California cities and the San Diego County Unified Port District have standing to sue an international agency over polluted waters allegedly entering the United States under the Clean Water Act. While admitting that "the border will complicated matters," the judge believed the plaintiffs did indeed have standing to sue over continuous spills of sewage and other waste water into San Diego County.

On average, San Diego beaches have had sections of shoreline off-limits to swimmers for more than a third of the year over the last decade, due to these spills. The judge allowed the plaintiff to amend their complaint in order to add more facts, which will be necessary when deciding the case on its merits.

Cancer Warnings May Not Be Required on Coffee in California After All

California coffee drinkers are headed for a showdown. Will coffee shops be forced to claim coffee is cancerous, as declared by a Los Angeles judge earlier this year? Or not, as proposed by a California State Agency that says the cancer risks are slim and all the warnings are creating too much noise for the average consumer.

Science hasn't changed -- the coffee roasting process still creates acrylamide, a carcinogen listed in Prop 65 warnings. Culinary preference hasn't changed -- trying to take out the acrylamide still results in bad-tasting coffee. So why the proposed change? The burgeoning number of Prop 65 warnings has potentially desensitized consumers to serious health hazards.

Since 1970 the Environmental Protection Agency has had the authority to set national emissions standards for automakers limiting the hazardous air pollutants from cars. And under prior regulations, manufacturers were fined $55 for each mile per gallon they fell short of annual Corporate Average Fuel Economy targets set by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, fines that multiplied by the number of offending vehicles sold that year.

Congress upped these "gas guzzler" fines as part of an across-the-board inflation assessment in 2015, to $140 per mpg shortfall, but the NHTSA under President Donald Trump tried to delay implementation of the new rule. That effort was blocked by the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York this week, meaning the fines will go into effect.

A vermiculite mine in northwestern Montana was one of the principal industries for residents in the town of Libby. Unfortunately, a byproduct of mining vermiculite is asbestos, which, for decades, has been known to be a dangerous, toxic substance from which exposure can result in severe illness causing death.

As a result of the mass exposure, workers in the mine, their families, and other residents of the town made up the thousands who have gotten sick over the years. While the mine is now closed, the residents of Libby have been left to face the aftermath.

The downtown Los Angeles underground light rail has finally gotten the green light from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Two downtown businesses, a shopping plaza and a hotel, filed suit back in 2013 to stop the construction, claiming that the construction would have a negative impact on their businesses. The two businesses specifically claimed that the noise from the construction, as well as other impacts from the construction, would disturb the retail mall's shoppers as well as the hotel's guests.

Last year, the federal court granted summary judgment against the businesses, however the businesses appealed. After over three years of litigation, it looks like the construction may finally begin on the new lines.

This week, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the ruling of the National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) to put sea ice seals, aka bearded seals, on the threatened species list. While adding a species to the threatened species list is nothing new, how the bearded seal made it on the list is quite unique.

The Ninth Circuit Court considered evidence that the seals' habitat was being destroyed by climate change. Based on current climate change trends, projections for their habitat are bleak. What's significant here is that the court is accepting the climate change projections for the years 2050 to 2100. A similar ruling was upheld in the DC Circuit in 2013 concerning polar bears, but generally it's very rare for a court to list a species as threatened based on climate change projections.

A Win for Nature: Fed Court Strikes Navy Sonar Program

Nature's lawyers won a victory for marine life last week. The Natural Resources Defense Counsel and other activists had challenged a U.S. Navy sonar detection program that places loudspeakers in the ocean, creating walls of sound that travel hundreds of miles and have been found to harm marine mammals.

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed with the ocean's advocates, saying that the Navy did not do enough to protect marine life. The sonar blasts reportedly deafen mammals, drive them from breeding grounds, and impede their ability to navigate, communicate, and catch prey. The court found that the government must do more to protect the marine mammals, and not just in waters near the United States.

Judge OKs $5B Settlement in Kerr-McGee Pollution Case

A federal judge has approved a settlement agreement in which Anadarko Petroleum Corp will reportedly pay $5.15 billion to clean up pollution at nearly 2,000 sites across the country.

The United States Department of Justice is calling the settlement the largest-ever recovery for environmental cleanup, reports Reuters. The settlement resolves a lawsuit brought by creditors of Tronox, a spin-off of energy company Kerr-McGee, against Anadarko, which acquired Kerr-McGee in 2006.

What led to this record-setting environmental cleanup settlement?