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The World Wide Web is the wild wild west for intellectual property. Those esoteric concepts of copyrights and trademarks and patents often fall by the wayside for businesses looking to promote their business, or maybe even get their start, both online, and in the real world. Photos, videos, and other content are easily steal-able online, and just because it's easy, that doesn't make it legal. As such, businesses do need to be careful when selecting which photos and what type of media they want to use for promotional purposes.
If you're building your own website, or your web designer is asking you for photos, you can't just go and download any photo you see online. Even if you want to use a photo posted to Facebook, Twitter, or Yelp, on your website, you could face legal liability if you do not get permission from the photographer or from the website the photo is posted to. Luckily, social media makes it rather easy to contact users via in-site messaging.
Potential Consequences for Unauthorized Use of Photos?
While you and your customers might be thrilled that some celebrity shopped at your store, posting a photo of the celeb in your store could have disastrous consequences. There's a big difference between a customer taking a photo of a celebrity shopping in your store and posting it to social media, and your business posting that photo, or even a photo of their own. Generally, anything a business does online, or out in the world, can be seen as a form of promotions and advertising.
Regarding a celebrity, a business needs to be weary of the rights to publicity, as Duane Reed learned when they posted a photo of actress Katherine Heigl in one of their stores and got sued for it. However, when it comes to customer social media content, the rights are different. Using another person's photo could open a business up to being sued for copyright violations and more, which could lead to damages ranging from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands or more even.
Fortunately for business owners, there are a few really easy ways to avoid copyright infringement claims: