You're probably familiar with terms like heir and hit-and-run, but what about some lesser-known examples of legalese?
In today's installment of Legalese From A to Z, we once again turn to FindLaw's Legal Dictionary to help explain the plain-English meanings behind five more legal terms you may not know. Here are a few highlights you'll find listed under the letter "H":
Half blood. A half blood is the legal name for persons with only one parent in common, commonly called half brothers or half sisters. References to half blood relatives and their descendants are typically found is the context of state intestacy codes, which control the distribution of estates for those who die without a will or those whose wills fail.
Hearsay.If you've watched courtroom television dramas or movies, you've likely heard a lawyer object to testimony as being "hearsay." Hearsay is any statement made out of court and not under oath which is being offered to prove the truth of the matter asserted. For example, testifying about what someone else said is hearsay if it's being offered to prove that what that person said is true, rather than for another purpose, such as to show that person's state of mind. Hearsay rules also apply to writings and other documents, not just verbal statements.
Horizontal gaze nystagmus test. The horizontal gaze nystagmus test is a test used by police officers to determine an individual's level of intoxication, often during a DUI stop. The test measures the involuntary jerking motion of a person's eyes as they follow the horizontal motion of a pen or another object in a police officer's hand.