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Here's a legal riddle: How can two twins, born four minutes apart, be citizens of different countries? Not because they were born in different countries or to different mothers. And not through any "separated at birth" shenanigans. No, it was because the U.S. State Department determined they had slightly different DNA -- one twin from a father who was a U.S. citizen, and the other from a father who was not.

But a federal judge has ruled that genetic material is not the determining factor in citizenship, meaning both twins are now U.S. citizens.

It seems like every day brings another story of a new immigration law or policy, increased deportation efforts, or, yes, a wall. And with all that news can come quite a bit of misinformation. So, how do you separate fact from fiction when it comes to immigration law?

Here are some of the most common misconceptions about U.S. immigration and naturalization law and policy, and where you can go for the truth.

Donald Trump campaigned on border security. One of his first executive orders as president directed "the immediate construction of a physical wall on the southern border." And he allowed the federal government to shut down for three weeks to secure funding for wall construction. Now, according to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders, Trump plans to declare a state of emergency at the southern border to finally get what he wants.

But does the president actually have the authority to force funding of the border wall?

Immigrant Families Sue for Millions Over Separation

President Trump's strong stance against illegal immigration has been clear from the very beginning. While many of his comments have been controversial, his administration's policy of separating children from their parents at the border probably caused the most uproar. In fact, eight immigrant families who were affected by this policy have filed claims for millions in damages. The claim filed with the Department of Health and Human Services is the first step in suing the federal government as required by the Federal Tort Claims Act.

L.A. Declared a Sanctuary City in Unanimous Vote by Los Angeles City Council

There's no love lost between President Trump and the state of California, especially when it comes to immigration policies. In fact, California has resisted President Trump's efforts to enforce illegal immigration laws at every turn. In the latest development of this fight between California and the president, the Los Angeles City Council unanimously voted to declare LA a sanctuary city.

Between the Trump administration's ramped up immigration enforcement efforts, legally contested executive orders, and the recent government shutdown, immigration court proceedings have been tumultuous, to say the least. But the one thing you think the government could get right is everyone's court date.

That was very clearly not the case on Thursday, as courts in several states were flooded with thousands of immigrants and their lawyers, waiting for hearings that didn't exist. So what the heck happened?

Is U.S. Immigration Aiding Underage Sex Trafficking?

The United States government has potentially blessed over 8,000 underage sex trafficking cases in the past 10 years through its immigration portal, according to a recent report by the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.

In a country that is currently experiencing harsh immigration blocks, this is one loophole that has yet to be closed, for a variety of reasons. With the recent dissemination of some alarming statistics, lawmakers are hoping that perhaps at least one vein of this awful crime coming into the U.S. can be blocked.

Feds Argue Kids Don't Need Lawyers in Immigration Court

A baby in a basket is clearly capable of representing oneself in immigration court.

At least, that's the view of Justice Department attorneys arguing against providing any immigrant free legal counsel during immigration, asylum, or deportation proceedings.

One of the misconceptions concerning the First Amendment is that its free speech protections protect any speech at all. Not quite. There are all kinds of restrictions on speech and expression, from bans on nudity and obscenity to prohibitions on hate speech and incitement of violence. And, in many cases, advocating or instigating illegal behavior is illegal as well.

But even exceptions to rules have exceptions themselves, as the Ninth Circuit ruled when it struck down a federal statute banning speech that encouraged a person to violate immigration laws. The problem wasn't so much that it prohibited speech that promoted law-breaking, but that the statute, as written, was "unconstitutionally overbroad." Here's what that means.

Immigration issues have been dominating the news lately, especially the separation of parents and children during detention. One other legal issue that may have flown over the radar, however, is the Supreme Court decision that detained immigrants are not entitled to an immigration bond hearing.

Still, some immigration courts still conduct bond hearings. So what are they, and what should you expect at an immigration bond hearing?