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Case Regarding AEDPA Deference in First-Degree Murder Prosecution

In Renico v. Lett, No. 09-338, a case involving a first-degree murder prosecution, the Court reversed the grant of petitioner's habeas petition, holding that it was reasonable for the Michigan Supreme Court to determine that the trial judge had exercised sound discretion in declaring a mistrial, and thus the state court's decision was not an unreasonable application of clearly established federal law under a proper application of the AEDPA's deferential standard of review.

As the Court wrote:  "This case requires us to review the grant of a writ of habeas corpus to a state prisoner under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA), 28 U. S. C. §2254(d). The District Court in this case issued the writ to respondent Reginald Lett on the ground that his Michigan murder conviction violated the Double Jeopardy Clause of the Constitution, and the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit affirmed. In doing so, however, these courts misapplied AEDPA's deferential standard of review. Because we conclude that the Michigan Supreme Court's application of federal law was not unreasonable, we reverse."

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